CIS-5.1.1 - Ensure that the cluster-admin role is only used where required

Ensure that the cluster-admin role is only used where required

Framework

CIS

Severity

High

Description of the the issue

Kubernetes provides a set of default roles where RBAC is used. Some of these roles such as cluster-admin provide wide-ranging privileges which should only be applied where absolutely necessary. Roles such as cluster-admin allow super-user access to perform any action on any resource. When used in a ClusterRoleBinding, it gives full control over every resource in the cluster and in all namespaces. When used in a RoleBinding, it gives full control over every resource in the rolebinding's namespace, including the namespace itself.

Related resources

ClusterRole, ClusterRoleBinding, Role

What does this control test

Check which subjects have are bound to the cluster-admin role with a clusterrolebinding.

How to check it manually

Obtain a list of the principals who have access to the cluster-admin role by reviewing the clusterrolebinding output for each role binding that has access to the cluster-admin role.

kubectl get clusterrolebindings -o=custom-columns=NAME:.metadata.name,ROLE:.roleRef.name,SUBJECT:.subjects[*].name

Review each principal listed and ensure that cluster-admin privilege is required for it.

Remediation

Identify all clusterrolebindings to the cluster-admin role. Check if they are used and if they need this role or if they could use a role with fewer privileges.

Where possible, first bind users to a lower privileged role and then remove the clusterrolebinding to the cluster-admin role :

kubectl delete clusterrolebinding [name]

Impact Statement

Care should be taken before removing any clusterrolebindings from the environment to ensure they were not required for operation of the cluster. Specifically, modifications should not be made to clusterrolebindings with the system: prefix as they are required for the operation of system components.

Default Value

By default a single clusterrolebinding called cluster-admin is provided with the system:masters group as its principal.

Example

No example